I’ve been there. When I was a new crocheter, I had no clue how to make a granny square, and I thought I would be better off doing something easy like crocheting rows. That should be simple, right?

If only I knew how easy crocheting granny squares was! They are a basic block, but because of the versatile nature of the stitch and the flow you get into when crocheting granny clusters, it lends itself to all types of projects.

Like the Colourful Rainbow Granny blanket!

Or the Vintage sweet shawl, which is a variation on granny squares: granny rows!

What is a granny square?

A granny square is the name for a motif that’s worked in granny clusters. A granny cluster is a particular type of stitch that consists of a so-called ‘cluster’ (group) of 3 double crochets (or UK trebles). All three double crochets are worked in one stitch or space, separated with chains from other clusters. In every row, you crochet granny clusters around the chains that separate the clusters of the previous row. Clusters can be worked in the round, or rows. If you work in the round, you will increase the number of granny clusters in each round to accommodate for the growing circumference of your crocheted work

If this all sounds complicated, don’t worry. It’s all best explained in pictures, so I’ve made a photo tutorial for you below!

What yarn do I need to crochet a granny square?

You can use any type of yarn! My advice to you would be to use a non-splitting thread, especially if this is your first time crocheting a granny square. You want to see your stitches clearly, and splitting yarn doesn’t help with that. I would recommend a 100% cotton yarn such as Scheepjes Catona, which is tightly plied and mercerised to help prevent splitting and available in over 100 colours. If you use Scheepjes Catona, also use a 3.0 (US Size C/2) or 3.5mm hook (US size E/4). Otherwise, check out the label on your yarn.

Where can you buy yarn for Granny Squares?

I recommend a non-splitty, 100% cotton such as Scheepjes Catona if you first start with crocheting Granny Squares. You can find Catona in the following webshops:

Traditionally you work a Granny square in the round. So that’s what we’ll go with! This tutorial is written in US terms. If you prefer UK terms, simply substitute every double crochet (dc) with a treble (tr). This tutorial is made for absolute beginners and contains a lot of photos and extra explanations. If you’re just looking for the written pattern, scroll to the bottom of this tutorial.

Getting started (photo 1)

Chain 4, then slip stitch the last chain to the first chain (photo 1). This will create a ring for you to crochet your first round in. Alternatively, if you’ve mastered the magic ring you can use that as a substitution for this step.

Round 1 (photos 2-6)

Chain 3. These three chains will count as your first double crochet, which I will abbreviate with 'dc' from now on. Do you see the ring you’ve created by chaining the first and last ch together? The arrow in photo 2 indicates the centre hole. That’s where you are going to crochet your first round in.

Crochet 2 dc in the ring indicated by the arrow in photo 2. You just made your first granny cluster (photo 3)! Chain 2. Those two chains you just made form your first corner (one chain on each side). Crochet 3dc in the ring again. You now have made two granny clusters and one corner, all in the same ring (photo 4).

Now repeat the instructions "chain 2, 2dc in centre ring" 2 more times to create two more granny clusters and corners. Next, make another two chains for your final corner. Your work will now look as in photo 5.

Now you will need to close your round. Do this by slip stitching the last chain into the third (top) chain of the chains you’ve started your round with (photo 6).

As you might have noticed, I crocheted over the loose end of my yarn. I do this because it saves me an end to weave in later.

You just made the first round of your Granny square. This row constitutes the basic stitch, and from here on it doesn't change much. You can stop here, or change colours if you like, but I’ll continue with the same colour for this tutorial.

Round 2 (photo 7-11)

You’re now going to start your next round. Your first cluster will be a special one: usually, you work your clusters in the chain spaces that you created between clusters in the previous row (in the case of Round 2, those are the corner spaces). However, because you crochet from right to left, there is no space for your other stitches in this round: your cluster from the previous round is in the way! That’s why we’re breaking up this cluster a little bit, and finish it in the final stitches of this round. Simply follow the steps below, and it will make sense!

Chain 3. This will count as your starting dc again (photo 7).

Chain 1 more. You have now made a dc (your first three chains) and an extra chain for a chain space. Remember, you only need one chain in between clusters on the same side, and two chains if you’re crocheting a corner.

In the corner space of the previous round, crochet 3dc (photo 8). Do you see what’s happening? You’re going to make a new corner, in the corner space of the previous round.

Chain 2, and then make another 3dc in the same corner space (photo 9).

You’re going to continue like this around your square. Chain 1 to create a chain space. Next, crochet (3dc, 2 chains and 3dc) in the same corner space. Repeat this until you end up on the side where you started. In your final corner, be sure to crochet 2dc instead of 3dc (photo 10). Why? Because we started the round with our special ‘broken up’ cluster. We made three chains, and those counted as our first dc. So now we add two at the end of the round to complete the granny cluster. Does it make sense now?

Slip stitch your last dc to the third chain of your first three chains, and you’re done with this round as well (photo 11)! It’s starting to look like a proper granny square, doesn’t it?

Round 3 (photos 12-13)

Chain 3, those will count as your starting dc. As you can see, this time you’re on the ‘right’ side of the previous’ round cluster. So there’s no need to break up your first cluster like you had to do in the previous round. Crochet 2 more dc in the chain-space (photo 12).

You’re now ready to crochet a corner again, so repeat what you did last round. Make 3dc, 2 chains and 3dc in the same corner space. Chain 1 to create a chain-space, and crochet 3dc in the next chain-space of the previous round. Now you’re all ready at your next corner! Continue like before, making corners and granny clusters in between. Finally, close the round with a slip stitch in the third chain of your starting three chains (photo 13).

Do you see a pattern emerging? Because you make two granny clusters in each corner space, you increase the number of chain spaces per round. That means that each round you can make one extra granny cluster in between, to help you grow your granny square larger and larger!

I hope you have seen that the granny square holds no mysteries to those who’ve followed a step-by-step tutorial! I’ve also written this pattern down in the ‘regular’, condensed crochet format.

Granny Square written pattern

abbreviations (US terms)

  • beg: beginning
  • ch: chain
  • ch-sp: chain-space
  • dc: double crochet
  • ss: slip stitch

Crochet pattern

Ch4, join with ss in first ch to close ring.

Round 1 Ch3 (counts as first dc), 2dc in ch-sp, (ch2, 3dc in ch-sp) 3 times, ch2, join with ss in 3rd ch of beg-ch.

Round 2 Ch4 (counts as first dc + ch 1), *(3dc, ch2, 3dc) in corner ch-sp, ch1; repeat from * 2 more times, (3dc, ch2, 2dc) in corner ch-sp, join with ss in 3rd ch of beg-ch.

Round 3 Ch3 (counts as first dc), 2dc in ch-sp, ch1, *(3dc, ch2, 3dc) in corner ch-sp, ch1, 3dc in next ch-sp, ch1; repeat from * 2 more times, (3dc, ch2, 3dc) in corner ch-sp, ch1, join with ss in 3rd ch of beg-ch.

Continue like in Round 3, but crochet 3dc and ch1 in each ch-sp in between corner spaces. This will grow your granny square.

Don’t forget, if you’re ready for the real work, my Rainbow Granny Square Blanket is perfect for if you want to practice your Granny squares!

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Question about the pattern. I'm trying to follow it in step 5 you have ch2, DC2... Should I DC3? And in step 8 I'm not understanding why we put an extra ch1 in there from step 7. Sorry I'm new at crocheting! September 01, 2016 01:04 - Reply
Don't worry, you will get the hang of it eventually. :) December 28, 2017 03:14 - Reply
becky G
That is an error! yes- chain 3-- i noticed that too. December 06, 2020 16:00 - Reply
becky G
That is an error! yes- chain 3-- i noticed that too. December 06, 2020 16:00 - Reply
Excelente tutorial de fotografías paso a paso. Buenas fotos y bien explicadas. Muchas gracias por compartir. June 25, 2017 15:23 - Reply
Thank you so much! These directions were straightforward and really easy. Plus, they weren't super confusing like other websites iv'e been on. December 28, 2017 03:12 - Reply
Judy Shanklin
When I learned to crochet a granny square it was always 3 chain on a corner. ONE FOR EACH SIDE AND ONE TO TURN ON. January 03, 2018 05:09 - Reply
reread your pattern and try to follow it, I believe you mean to say dc 3 times, after the first cluster .The two chains are to make a gap between the clusters, right? your pictures are correct, but the instructions seems off, to me. February 26, 2018 03:46 - Reply
Thanks!!! This was really helpfull February 27, 2018 22:27 - Reply
extremely good tutorial!!! April 24, 2018 10:36 - Reply
In part 2,you said to d/C 2.Is it the d/C stitch twice?Or is it d2d? February 24, 2019 23:08 - Reply
Hi Melanie,

it's the dc stitch twice! So in your first granny cluster you've got 3 chains (counts as your first dc), and then 2 dc, making for a total of 3 dc. 3dc is the staple of each granny cluster.

Hope this clarifies it for you! February 25, 2019 10:13 - Reply
I want to make a rectangular shawl that’s about 60” long and 26” wide, using granny squares. About how much yarn would I need. I want to use only one color. Thanks! December 07, 2019 00:50 - Reply
This was the best instruction for granny squares I have used. I have finally cracked it. July 04, 2020 11:50 - Reply
Misty Michell Gardner
Planning to give it a whirl, I can understand this very well, thank you! Can I use different color squares? August 30, 2020 23:13 - Reply
Hi Misty,

of course! You can use any colour you want :) August 31, 2020 07:48 - Reply
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